A significant factor of Russian culture, the bear appears in many Russian literary works, folklore, sayings and popular culture. Although this powerful and fearless animal is commonly considered dangerous, Russians affectionately see the bear as playful, good-natured, strong and protective. In 2018, he is associated with Bull, these two animals symbolize together the stock markets. For its part, the bull represents the one who speculates, believes in the growth of the market and buys. On the contrary, the bear who embodies the one who believes in the decline of the market and seeks to sell his titles. It is the balance of the bull and the bear in perpetual confrontation which symbolizes the balance of the markets.